Thoughts and Perspectives

The Raw Numbers: Texas and Enslavement

Year Enslaved Black Population According to Tax Records # of Enslavers Total Population (mostly excludes Native Americans)
1825 443   1,800
1834 ≈2,000   24,700
1838 5,786 1,049  
1840 11,827 2,163  
1844 22,852 3,399  
1846 30,505    
1848 40,308    
1850 48,145 (58,161 according to census) 7,747 212,592 (includes 397 non enslaved Blacks)
1851 58,740    
1852 68,584    
1853 78,306    
1854 90,003    
1855 105,186    
1856 113,139    
1857 124,782    
1858 146,370    
1860 160,467 (182,566 according to census) 21,878 604,215 (only 153,043 of these were born in Texas)
1861 169,166    
1862 186,884    
1864 240,099 (≈275,000 according to full data)    
Year Total Enslaved Population Costs/Values of Enslaved People
1836 5K (20-25% of pop) average $575

($15K USD 2013)

1845 30K (25% of pop) average $345

($11K USD 2013)

1850 58K (30% of pop) average $400

($12K USD 2013)

“prime field hand” $1,200

($37K USD 2013)

skilled/blacksmiths $2000

($62K USD 2013)

1860 183K (30% pop) average $800

($23K USD 2013)

See also: 

slave-family

12 replies »

  1. Makes sense. Do you know if can break it down by county. I’d like to start with Harris County. I’m very adept using census records, then want to further look at the property for Harris Co. Damn think about so many names so always forever lost.

    Liked by 1 person

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