For years, I have kept a document that I call “things to think about.” Whenever I come across something interesting that I want to be reminded of or that I haven’t finished internalizing yet, I add it to the list until it’s no longer something I’m actively thinking about or no longer something that immediately interests me. In this post, I share my current “things to think about” with you.
Heteronormativity — the Histories and institutions and processes and performativities that normalize, privilege, “naturalize,” perpetuate, and legitimize said normativity.
In every historical example, missionaries pave the way for other colonizers and capitalists, and often, are themselves the colonizers and capitalists, with intention to dispossess and accumulate whatever they can, including but not limited to souls, land, labor: there are no missionaries with good intentions.
She brushes her teeth, brushes her hair, and starts downstairs. She pauses several treads from the bottom, listening, waiting; she is again possessed (it seems to be getting worse) by a dreamlike feeling, as if she is standing in the wings, about to go onstage and perform in a play for which is not appropriately dressed, and for which she has not adequately rehearsed. What, she wonders, is wrong with her.
In the hermeneutical circle, by contrast, our preconceptions as historians are not to be overcome, even if this were possible, for they constitute a fundamental element in that relation by which understanding becomes possible at all.
This body is not only a thing in the world, subject to physical gravity, but a thing that carries its own historical gravity, and this collect weight bears down on the ‘sexednesss’ of the body and the possibilities of experience.
Witnessing violence and connecting it to the idea of power over bodies challenges the limiting, essentialist, and undeveloped binary of female subordination to male power. In other words, bodies are constructed and reconstructed to serve different functions, chief among which is the exertion of power.
A lie to create a more comprehensible truth
When someone hasn’t read a classic book, I always try to say “Oh! What a treat you have ahead of you!” rather than “I can’t believe you haven’t read this!” because no one wants to be shamed into reading. We should lead with our delight in literature, not our pretentiousness.
On the one hand, man is a body, in the same way that this may be said of every other animal organism. On the other hand, man has a body. That is, man experiences himself as an entity that is not identical with his body, but that, on the contrary, has that body at its disposal.
Gender is all about maintaining the idea that men and women are different.
By positionality we mean…that gender, race, class and other aspects of our identities are markers of relational positions rather than essential qualities. Knowledge is valid when it includes an acknowledgment of the knower’s specific position in any context, because changing contextual and relational factors are crucial for defining identities and our knowledge in any given situation.
The industrial revolution has thus made universal the colonial principle that has proved to be ruinous beyond measure: the assumption that it is permissible to ruin one place or culture for the sake of another.
One cannot correctly understand the black religious experience without an affirmation of deep faith informed by profound doubt. Suffering naturally gives rise to doubt. How can one believe in God in the face of such horrendous suffering as slavery, segregation, and the lynching tree? Under these circumstances, doubt is not a denial but an integral part of faith.
The dead do not like to be forgotten, especially those whose lives had come to a violent end.
Neoliberalism means many things to many people but the one trait by which it is always distinguished is its approval of the opt-out and a willingness to turn a blind eye to the hidden costs of such a choice. Everything is optional for the neoliberal; this is how neoliberalism defines freedom. Neoliberals opt out of any collective thing they can afford to opt out of.
But my point is, multiracialism is about “hope and change” in a way that blackness is not and can never be, because blackness is a constant reminder of the violent formation of the nation and of whiteness. Every desired national-multicultural future is one without Black people in it.
When the blood in your veins returns to the sea, and the earth in your bones returns to the ground, perhaps then you will remember that this land does not belong to you, it is you who belongs to this land. #NoBorders
Racism is a matter not simply of individual psychology or pathology, but of patterns of cultural representation deeply ingrained within practices, discourses, and subjectivities of Western societies.
If you’re an Americanist historian, you better also consider yourself a historian of race. There’s nothing in this country’s history that doesn’t lead back to racism. To paraphrase a now-famous metaphor, racism is the sugar in the American cake. Sure, the cake has other ingredients, but once the thing is mixed and baked, you’re never going to be able to take a bite that is sugar-free. Nods to racism (or any sort of oppression) don’t count. We need a profession-wide, systemic understanding of what racism is, where it comes from, and how it morphs and changes to stay alive. That’s the only way we’re going to learn to win the fight against it.
TO BE HOPEFUL in bad times is not just foolishly romantic. It is based on the fact that human history is a history not only of cruelty, but also of compassion, sacrifice, courage, kindness. What we choose to emphasize in this complex history will determine our lives. If we see only the worst, it destroys our capacity to do something. If we remember those times and places—and there are so many—where people have behaved magnificently, this gives us the energy to act, and at least the possibility of sending this spinning top of a world in a different direction. And if we do act, in however small a way, we don’t have to wait for some grand utopian future. The future is an infinite succession of presents, and to live now as we think human beings should live, in defiance of all that is bad around us, is itself a marvelous victory.
But this is History. Distance yourselves. Our perspective on the past alters. Looking back, immediately in front of us is dead ground. We don’t see it, and because we don’t see it this means that there is no period so remote as the recent past. And one of the historian’s jobs is to anticipate what our perspective of that period will be.
He [Thomas Jefferson] owns his own children at various points, but he didn’t write a document that says “we think that maybe possibly all White Men with money are equal in a few kind of ways and maybe they can get a government.” That’s what the Constitution says. But the Declaration of Independence has a moral imagination beyond the imperial reality of the 1776.
In other words, aging, as we know it, scarcely existed [before the modern era].
The question “why do all of the Black kids sit together at lunch” is framed in ideologies of Whiteness, with built in assumptions about what is normal and right.
Dear Non-Disabled Politicians: One day you will also be disabled. Not a curse. Just fact. Disability, simple is, part of life.
If a wheelchair user can’t play Beyonce, Beyonce can’t play a wheelchair user.
History prefers legends to men. It prefers nobility to brutality, soaring speeches to quiet deeds. History remembers the battle, but forgets the blood. Whatever history remembers me, if it remembers anything at all, it shall only remember a fraction of the truth. For what ever else I am, a husband, a lawyer, a President, I shall always think of myself as a man who struggled against the darkness.
Work has also been the American way of producing “racial capitalism,” as historians now call it, by means of slave labor, convict labor, sharecropping, then segregated labor markets—in other words, a free enterprise system built on the ruins of black bodies, an economic edifice animated, saturated, and determined by racism. There never was a free market in labor in these United States. Like every other market, it was always hedged by lawful, systematic discrimination against black folk. You might even say that this hedged market produced the still deployed stereotypes of African American laziness by excluding black workers from remunerative employment, confining them to the ghettos of the eight-hour day.
It makes me so sad when students think I’m their enemy for holding them to a standard, and professors who don’t bother (because they’d rather not hear complaints, not because the student learned anything) are their allies.
Words and concepts:
- age consciousness
- manufactured innocence
- symbolic immorality
- social construction
- phraseology (vs. terminology, vs. phraseology)
- hummingbird effect
- unstable knowledge
- emotional real-estate
- essentialism (social vs. biological)
- new military urbanism
- endless deferral of meaning
- praxis vs theory
- magical thinking
- online disinhibition effect
- total institution
- subvert the normative
- system justification theory
- identity protective cognition theory
- social dominance orientation theory
- Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
- historical gravity
- While people can handwrite 22-31 wpm or type 19-33 wpm (up to 40 wpm, except for professional typists), the average lecturer speaks 140 wpm. The average person can read 250-300 wpm.
- There was no federal concept of citizenship until the 1860s.
- Children were not considered “people” until 1967 in a SCOTUS case known as In re Gault.
- Most of life follows the “un-schooling” method of learning.
- Read as a product of a specific time and place and read transhistorically, how much is missing from the Christian Ten Commandments.
- The importance of taking careful time to evaluate how academic information is framed for the general public and even what is presented to the general public. “Concerned about how it’s popularization…”
- What are implications–in terms of making History accessible and in terms of distorting History–of Holocaust films such as the excellent Bent being in English?
- Every film, in some way or another, in the end, seems to uphold cisgendered heterosexuality (cishet).
- From the perspective of Queer Theory and Dr. Kathryn Bond Stockton, everyone in a relationship is “homosexual” if you take society’s obsessive focus on genitals away and focus on how much the couple is the same in other terms.
- The EEOC should recognize intersectional discrimination. For example, an employer can legally discriminate against Black women, as long as they don’t discriminate against women as a class or against Black people as a class.
- An individual’s sex changes with their every move and every choice in life. “Women” in the army will have more testosterone. “Men” who take care of children will have less testosterone.
- Debates as to whether or not the brain is a computer are generally silly, misguided, and present-centric.
- At least 1 in 4-5 girls and 1 in 6-10 boys will experience some kind of sexual abuse before they reach age 18. Over a life time, at least 1 in 3-4 females and 1 in 10-30 males will be raped. Some studies suggest the number of males raped is actually closer to 1 in 3-4.
- “For every year spent behind bars, the study reports, a person’s life expectancy decreases by two years.” (details)
Dr. Andrew Joseph Pegoda
Categories: Thoughts and Perspectives